With the US Farm Act of 2018, hemp plant cultivation was made legal for medical and therapeutic purposes. This is because the natural cannabinoids found in hemp have many therapeutic and health benefits. The widely popular CBD health and wellness products made using whole hemp extract are used by consumers for treating ailments like pain, inflammations, skin rashes, wounds, sleeping disorders etc. Legally available hemp products are made from hemp plant strains that have less than 0.3% THC. Read on to get a better understanding of the different phytocannabinoids found in the hem plant and their health benefits.
What Are Phytocannabinoids?
Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids found in the hemp plant and there are as many as 113 different types. Of these, the two most popular ones are THC and CBD. There are others as well that have different effects on the body when consumed orally or inhaled. This is because they are similar in function to the endocannabinoids produced by the body that are part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), found in all vertebrate mammals. Shared below are the details about some of the more prominent phytocannabinoids found in the hemp plant.
THC is found in both hemp and marijuana plants, but its concentration is higher in the latter. This is the reason for the psychotropic or mind-altering effects of marijuana products. When consumed, it binds with CB1 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) producing euphoria. Some of the effects of THC are elation, relaxation, pain relief, sedation, drowsiness, hunger, increased heart rate, laughter, red eyes, anxiety or paranoia, memory impairment, dizziness, dry mouth etc. These effects will be more pronounced if you are a first time consumer. It is also found to be useful in the treatment of conditions like PTSD, Crohn’s disease, migraine, sleep apnea, ADHD, cancer etc.
CBD extracted from the hemp plant interacts with the CB2 receptors of the ECS to impart its therapeutic effects like reducing pain and inflammations, lowering stress and anxiety, providing better sleep etc. Besides, when THC and CBD are consumed together, cannabidiol reduces the negative effects of THC like anxiety and paranoia. Above all, it is popular among consumers because of its lack of psychotropic or mind altering effects.
CBN is one of the lesser known cannabinoids found in the hemp plant and its properties are similar to that of cannabidiol (CBD). Its concentration is higher in older or mature hemp plants and this can be determined by the colour of fine silver hairs on the plant turning into brown or amber colour. This is because, as THC ages or is exposed to oxygen, it is converted into CBN.
This is one of the major six cannabinoids found in the hemp plant that has a variety of health benefits. It is found to be good in cancer treatment, for reducing pain and inflammation, for healthy function of brain cells and to fight mental conditions like depression.
These are some of the therapeutic and medical effects of phytocannabinoids found in whole hemp extract used for making health and wellness products.